The wooden pole which goes up the centre of the mannequin is a replacement as is the wooden ring to adjust the height. The mannequin is made in the traditional way, the body is made from papier mache covered with calico. The mannequin is a french size 44 and the measurements are as follows.Bust: 93 cm (36 3/4). Waist: 67 cm (26 1/2). Hip: 98 cm (38 1/2). Torso height without finial: 81 cm (32). This item is made of calico and papier mache, wood.